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Motivational Interviewing in Schools

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Motivational Interviewing in Schools

SKU# 9780826130723

Strategies for Engaging Parents, Teachers, and Students

Author: Keith C. Herman PhD, Andy J. Frey PhD, Stephanie A. Shepard PhD, Wendy M. Reinke PhD

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"The authors of this book have made a very important contribution in producing a book that literally provides a roadmap for how to realize MI's potential in school and family contexts. They are the acknowledged leaders of MI in schools and deserve much credit for adapting this approach so well for effective use by educators. The content coverage of the book's chapters and its strong focus on the development of tools, strategies, and detailed, relevant examples of MI implementation in schools and also with families are, in my view, truly exemplary....I recommend it unconditionally as an invaluable resource for today's related services professional."

Hill Walker, PhD
University of Oregon

"This is an important, well-written and groundbreaking book. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been widely applied in health care, corrections, mental health and addiction services, and social work, but this is the first book to explore broadly how it can be used by school professionals. This is an up-to-date, well-documented presentation of the spirit and method of MI, integrating it with behavioral theory and research. Practical exercises and examples support learning of how to apply MI in everyday conversations about change with parents, teachers, students, families, and school-based teams."

William R. Miller, PhD
The University of New Mexico

"Motivational Interviewing has really influenced my thinking about instructional coaching, and I've often wished there was a book that applied the ideas to education. Finally, that book is here! This book deepens our understanding of the personal experience of change and explains how that understanding helps us work with students, parents, teachers, and others within schools. If you're an educator, you should be interested in how people change; and, if you're interested in change, you should read this book."

Jim Knight, PhD
Author of Instructional Coaching: A Partnership Approach to Improving Instruction

"If you are a school counselor, school psychologist, or other school-based professional and you want to learn how to use motivational interviewing in schools, this is a must read book. It is a treasure-trove of knowledge and skills concerning the theory and step-by-step applications of motivational interviewing in elementary, middle, and high schools. A real strength are the many practical examples and sample forms that illustrate and support how motivational interviewing can effect positive changes in behavior. It is a book that will change the way you practice in schools."

Norman C. Gysbers, PhD
Curators' Distinguished Professor, University of Missouri
201G Student Success Center
Editor Emeritus, Journal of Career Development

One of the greatest challenges for mental health and other professionals in school settings is to get students, families, and staff willing to partake of and engaged in their services. This is the first book on applying motivational interviewing (MI)óa powerful, evidence-based technique for facilitating behavior changeóthroughout the school environment to help psychologists, counselors and other school-based professionals to improve the effectiveness of their practice.

Based on encouraging research on the value of MI in K-12 settings, this practical book explains the basic elements of MI theory and demonstrates, step-by-step, how the four-stage process of engaging, focusing, evoking, and planning can be used with the families of students who need psychological or counseling services, teachers who need consultation and support to improve classroom management, and the students themselves. The book discusses barriers to readiness to change and describes how to foster engagement and compliance with school services to increase the likelihood that positive change will occur. It also describes how MI can be used to increase the effectiveness of inter-professional teams in school settings, along with ways in which MI can be integrated into and build support for already established programs. Richly illustrated with examples of using MI as a strategy for promoting everyday conversations about change--the nucleus of MI practice--the book also includes case studies and sample handouts for mental health professionals, students, family members, and teachers.

Key Features:

  • Demonstrates how to apply motivational interviewing to the K-12 environment to help school professionals improve effectiveness
  • Explains the four-stage process of engaging, focusing, evoking, and planning
  • Shows how MI can be used with children, their families, and teachers to facilitate change
  • Describes how MI can be integrated into other established programs
  • Includes plentiful case studies and examples of MI as a strategy for promoting everyday conversations about change

Product Details 

  • Publication Date December 19, 2013
  • Page Count 304
  • Product Form Paperback / softback
  • ISBN 13 9780826130723
  • EISBN 9780826130730

Online Supplements 

Visit SpringBoard, the official blog of Springer Publishing Company, to read articles by authors Keith Herman and Andy Frey:

Table of Contents 

<TOC>Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Part I: Overview of Motivational Interviewing 1

1.    Background and Rationale 3

      The Good and Bad News 4

      A Modern View of Motivation 5

      What Is MI ?6

      Check-Ups 7

      Does It Work ?7

      What Is the Purpose of This Book ?8

      For Whom Is This Book Written ?9

      A Caveat 10

      MI Plus What?  10

2.    Getting Your Foot in the Door: The Context of Motivation 13

      A Model for Considering Contextual Barriers to Motivation 13

      Motivational Barriers at School 14

      Unified Theory of Behavior Change 15

      Providing a Context for Parent Engagement in School 19

      Engaging Parents in Support Services at Schools 24

      Role of Leadership in Engaging Parents 30

      Parent-Involvement Activity 31

      Providing a Context for Engaging Teachers and Students 31

      Teacher- and Student-Involvement Activities 32

      Summary 32

      Handouts and Forms 33

3.    Motivational Interviewing Principles and Strategies 39

      Thinking Motivationally 40

      Unified Theory of Behavior Change 44

      MI Spirit 44

      Guiding 45

      Fundamental Processes and Strategies of MI 46

      Suggestions for Getting Started 65

      Summary 69

Part II:Specific Applications of Motivational Interviewing in Schools 71

4.    Motivational Interviewing With Parents 73

      Rationale and Challenges 73

      Engaging 74

      Focusing 84

      Evoking 86

      Planning 95

      Summary 98

      Resources for Supporting Parent Behavior-Management Skills 99

      Handouts and Forms 100

5.    Motivational Interviewing With Teachers 105

      Engaging 106

      Focusing 116

      Evoking 118

      Planning: Goal Setting 126

      The CCU 134

      Summary 135     

Resources to Support Teacher Development of Classroom-Management Skills 135

      Handouts and Forms 136

6.    Motivational Interviewing With Students 139

      Developmental Considerations 139

      Engaging Strategies for Youth 142

      Specific Examples of Focusing, Evoking, and Planning Strategies With Youth 144

      Encouraging Adults to Interact With Youth in the MI Spirit 152

      Summary 153

     Resources: Sample Evidence-Based Interventions for Student Emotional and Behavioral Problems         153

      Handout 155

7.   An Example of a Structured Motivational Intervention for Families, Students, and Schools: The Family Check-Up 157

      Check-Ups: An Overview 158

      School-Enhanced Family Check-Up 159

      Interview and Assessments 161

      Preparing for the Feedback Session 169

      Sample Dialogue for Supporting the Action-Planning Process 187

      Summary 189

      Resources: Sample Brief Measures to Assess Family Functioning 189

      Handouts and Forms 191

8.   Motivational Interviewing With School-Based Problem-Solving Teams 201

      Your Own Experiences on an Academic or Behavior Support Team 202

      Building an Effective Team 203

      Arranging and Leading School Meetings 210

      Case Examples 215

      Summary 226

Part III: Implementation and Dissemination 227

9.   Integrating Motivational Interviewing With Other Evidence-Based Programs and Practices 229

      Using MI to Support Teacher Implementation Practices 230

      Using MI to Support Parent Engagement in Parenting Programs 231

      Using MI to Bolster Engagement and Implementation in Multicomponent Interventions 233

      Principles for Integrating MI With Other Interventions or Practices 234

      Summary 238

      Handouts and Forms 239

10.  Learning Motivational Interviewing and Monitoring Implementation Quality 249

      Learning MI 250

      Monitoring MI Quality 252

      School-Based MI Fidelity Measures 257

      Self-Reflection 258

      Summary 260

      Handouts and Forms 261

11.  The Future of Motivational Interviewing in Schools 265

      How Does MI Fit With Other School Initiatives ?265

      Other Applications 266

      Future Research 267

      A New Dimension 268

Bibliography 271

Index 283


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We all know from personal experience that adopting new behaviors and attitudes can be a complicated endeavor. Changing well-established personal behaviors, habits, and routines requires a great deal of commitment and persistence. Thus, it should come as no surprise to us to be met with pushback and resistance when we attempt to stimulate change in complex systems such as schools and families. These... Read More