As you will discover in this book, nurses have the choice of a myriad of careers. Joyce Fitzpatrick, editor of the flagship journal Nursing Education Perspectives for the NLN, and Emerson Ea, colleague of Fitzpatrick and Clinical Assistant Professor of Nursing at NYU, have identified the 201 most prominent careers in nursing at this time. They have provided information to introduce you to opportunities within and across the careers in their new title 201 Careers in Nursing.

For example, many nurses combine careers as educators, teaching part time in schools of nursing, and expert clinicians, working clinically as advanced practice nurses in hospitals and health centers. Nurses who hold academic appointments combine their teaching role with that as researcher. Nurses who work in management often combine their administrative work with writing and lecturing.

If you are considering a career in nursing, this book will introduce you to the wide range of career choices.  You will be surprised and impressed with the many career choices available, such as the General Practice Nurse Anesthetist excerpted below.

  1. Basic description—Nurse anesthetists are responsible for inducing anesthesia, maintaining it at the required levels, and supporting life functions while anesthesia is being administered. Nurse anesthetists administer all types of anesthesia and may perform general, local, and regional anesthesia procedures to pediatric, adult, and geriatric patients, using invasive monitoring techniques when necessary. These nurses practice as part of a highly skilled interdisciplinary team. A variety of practice settings exist including
    • Emergency rooms
    • Operating rooms
    • Physicians’ offices
    • Plastic surgery practices
    • Dental practices
    • Orthopedic practices
  2. Educational requirements—RN preparation with CRNA certification; MSN preferred. To enter a nurse anesthetist program, one must possess an active RN license and a baccalaureate degree (may or may not be in nursing). The person must also fulfill certain prerequisites before applying which vary according to institution. The applicant must also possess a minimum of 1 year of critical care experience as an RN.
  3. Core competencies/skills needed:
    • Assessment skills and a constant awareness of what is going on at all times
    • Skill in history taking and physical assessment
    • Patient education skills
    • Ability to recognize and take appropriate corrective action (including consulting with anesthesiologist) for abnormal patient responses
    • Excellent observation skills
    • Ability to provide resuscitative care until the patient has regained control of vital functions
    • Skill in administering spinal, epidural, auxiliary, and field blocks
  4. Related Web sites and professional organizations:
    • American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA): www.aana.com
    • Council on Certification of Nurse Anesthetists

Author Bios:

Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN, is editor of Nursing Education Perspectives, the flagship journal for the National League for Nursing, and the Elizabeth Brooks Ford Professor of Nursing, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. She served as Dean at Case Western from 1982 through 1997. She has received numerous honors and awards including the American Journal of Nursing Book of the Year Award 18 times. Dr. Fitzpatrick is widely published in nursing and health care literature. She is a former senior editor for the Annual Review of Nursing Research and a well-published Springer author and editor.

Emerson E. Ea, DNP, APRN-BC, CEN, is Clinical Assistant Professor of Nursing, NYU. He has published in peer-reviewed journals and has presented nationally and internationally at major nursing conferences. Dr. Ea received his DNP at Case Western Reserve University and has worked with Dr. Fitzpatrick as a mentee and now as a colleague.