Turning the Tide of Male Juvenile Delinquency

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Turning the Tide of Male Juvenile Delinquency

SKU# 9780826128973

The Ocean Tides Approach

Author: Lawrence C. Grebstein PhD, ABPP, Judy A. Van Wyk PhD


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"Grebstein and Van Wyk set a stellar example for parents to provide structure and enriching positive experiences for teen children. Staff and administrators shaping a delinquency program or generating new ideas for organization and program structure would find this book useful... The authors present a wonderfully nuanced explanation of the differential impact of trauma and predictors of criminal behavior... With such a poor prognosis for many juvenile delinquents, we applaud Ocean Tides for offering a viable alternate path to these young men and educating other professionals on how to follow their lead."

--Juanita N. Baker and Julie S. Costopoulos, PsycCRITIQUES

Research evidence now supports the prediction that juvenile delinquents fare significantly better in rehabilitative programs than in youth prisons or home confinement. This book constitutes a groundbreaking, how-to roadmap for developing and implementing an effective rehabilitative program for delinquent youth. Based on a landmark study on the treatment of juvenile delinquents, the book describes a multidisciplinary approach toward solving social problems and illustrates how an integrative model of family counseling can be applied in a residential setting. This program hones the most effective strategies into a single unified evolutionary approach to rehabilitation that will be useful to psychologists, social workers, counselors, and students working with juvenile delinquents.

The authors have culled information from sociology, psychology, criminology, and social justice to explain why juveniles commit crimes and have developed strategies toward rehabilitation that directly address the causes. Analyzing data that spans 31 years from a large study of youth offenders that incorporates information from multiple sources, they describe in detail how this model residential treatment and education program provides a viable alternative to youth prison. Chapters address the historical context for present-day treatment of juvenile delinquency and the main components of the program at Ocean Tides, including its underlying philosophy, detailed descriptions of effective interventions, practical strategies for interviewing and working with adolescent male juvenile delinquents, and training programs that can be used in other settings. The book also includes new and important data on the effects of family violence and includes descriptions of how outside consultants can be used to inform treatment and rehabilitation.


  • Describes a proven, multidisciplinary approach to significantly reducing violent behavior among juveniles
  • Based on a landmark study of an effective rehabilitative program
  • Includes new and important data on the effects of family violence
  • Guides professionals in replicating the success of the Ocean Tides program
  • Provides readers with practical strategies for interviewing and working with adolescent male juvenile delinquents

Product Details 

  • Publication Date July 13, 2015
  • Page Count 326
  • Product Form Paperback / softback
  • ISBN 13 9780826128973

Table of Contents 

Lawrence C. Grebstein, PhD, ABPP, was professor of psychology at the University of Rhode Island (URI), where his career spanned 42 years (1964–2006). He is a diplomate in clinical psychology of the American Board of Professional Psychology. At URI, he directed the Psychological Consultation Center and was director of the PhD program in clinical psychology. He was a visiting professor at the University of Bergen, Norway, and a Fellow at the Center for Family Research, George Washington University Medical Center. Dr. Grebstein has been the primary clinical psychology consultant to Ocean Tides since it began in 1975. He was in part-time private practice for 40 years. In 2006, he received the Merenda-Musiker Award of the Rhode Island Psychological Association. He has edited a book titled Toward Self-Understanding: Studies in Personality and Adjustment, and has written a number of professional journal articles and book chapters on family therapy and other topics. He received his BA from Brown University (1958) and his MA (1961) and PhD (1964) from the University of Kentucky. In 2013, he became a member of the affiliate medical staff at South County Hospital in the Behavioral Health Department, where he works with cancer patients in the Survivor Training and Rehabilitation (STAR) program as a volunteer.

Judy A. Van Wyk, PhD, is associate professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Rhode Island, where she teaches courses in criminology, juvenile delinquency, family violence, terrorism, white-collar crime, general sociology, and social research methods. Professor Van Wyk is a productive researcher in the areas of family violence and white-collar crime, and an expert in the construction and analysis of large databases. She has published several articles in peer-reviewed journals, and book chapters that appear in edited editions. Her work is cited often in the top professional journals in criminology and criminal justice. She received her BA from the University of Oklahoma (1993), and her MA (1995) and PhD (1999) from the University of Tennessee.




1. Ocean Tides Rising: History

Juvenile Delinquency in the United States

The Founding of the Ocean Tides Program


2. Currents: Who the Boys Are

Intake Criteria

The Ocean Tides Data Project

Description of Ocean Tides Boys


3. Explaining the Ocean Tides: Theory

Agnew’s General Theory of Crime


4. An Undertow: Personal Child Abuse Victimization and Exposure to Parental Interpersonal Violence

Personal Child Abuse, Exposure to PIPV, and Violent Behavior

The Ocean Tides Study and Violence

Exposure to PIPV, Personal Child Abuse, and Violence


5. Charting a Course: The Program at Ocean Tides

Program Administration

Staff Development and Evaluation

Treatment Teams


Program Oversight

Program Staffing

Group Living

Formal Education

Social Services and Counseling

Special Programs


6. Calming Seas: Managing the Ocean Tides Residents

Rehabilitating Youthful Offenders

Ocean Tides: A Unique and Model Program


7. Navigating the Waters: The Role of the Clinical Psychologist as a Consultant

Defining the Role of the Consultant

Philosophy of Consultation

Specific Functions of the Consultant


8. At the Helm: Interviewing Adolescent Male Juvenile Delinquents

Philosophy of Interviewing

The “Curiosity Model” of Interviewing

Key Issues in Interviewing Delinquents


9. Stem the Tide: Case Histories

Case 1: A Study in Contradictions

Case 2: A Premature Ending

Case 3: From a Chaotic Family to Heroism

Case 4: Turning His Life Around

Case 5: Struggle Leads to Success

Case 6: A Horatio Alger Story


10. Sailing Home: Final Thoughts

Agnew’s General Strain Theory and Causation

The Ocean Tides Effect

The Importance of Clinical Consultants

What Has Happened Since 2007?

Where Do We Go From Here? Implications for Public Policy

Appendix A: Additional Tables

Appendix B: Administrator Performance Evaluation Form: Ocean Tides, Inc.

Appendix C: Sample Reports