The Elements of Counseling Children and Adolescents

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The Elements of Counseling Children and Adolescents

SKU# 9780826129994

Author: Catherine P. Cook-Cottone PhD, Laura M. Anderson PhD, Linda S. Kane MEd, LMHC


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The authors" choice of key elements results in a book that provides knowledge essential for beginning counselors to learn and for experienced counselors to reviewÖ. Consequently, The Elements of Counseling Children and Adolescents should be useful for students in the helping professions, includingÖpsychology, social work, and counseling.

óFrom the Foreword by Scott T. Meier, PhD, coauthor, The Elements of Counseling

Offers precise, practical guidance based on a proven teaching format.

Tailored to the specific needs of the child and adolescent client, this concise, easy-to-read primer provides essential and practical guidelines for counselors and psychologists who are training to work with children in both clinical and school settings. It is modeled after the highly successful and time-tested "Elements ofÖ" format used in many teaching disciplines. The book distills the basic concepts that beginning professionals must keep in mind as they approach practice, offering guidance in a logical, numbered sequence from setting the stage for the counseling process through the essentials of building and maintaining an active counseling practice.

In addition to facilitating learning with its precise, easily understood rules and principles, the book provides potent guidance for both common and challenging situations. Key concepts such as using developmentally appropriate language and activities are covered, along with critical issues such as collaborating with parents and other professionals, responding to crisis situations, and counselor self-awareness and self-care. Case examples of clientñcounselor dialogues in each chapter illustrate foundational concepts, and an overview of how to use the text for transcript analysis in training programs is also included. Written by experienced counseling and therapy educators and professionals, this versatile text will be a welcome addition for courses in counseling children and adolescents as well as other courses across the curriculum in school counseling; school psychology; marriage, child, and family counseling; and clinical social work.


  • Distills the essential components of therapy and counseling with children and adolescents in a highly useful, time-tested "Elements of√ñ" format
  • Adaptable to a range of counseling-related courses across the curriculum
  • Provides illustrative examples of counselor√±client dialogues
  • Includes instructor's manual

Product Details 

  • Publication Date December 01, 2014
  • Page Count 152
  • Product Form Paperback / softback
  • ISBN 13 9780826129994
  • EISBN 9780826130044

About The Author(s) 

Catherine Cook-Cottone, PhD, is a licensed psychologist, registered yoga teacher, and an Associate Professor in the Department of Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Her research specializes in embodied self-regulation through practices such as yoga, mindfulness, and self-care; and psychosocial disorders, including eating disorders and trauma. She is the author of Mindfulness and Yoga for Self-Regulation: A Primer for Clinicians (Springer Publishing, 2015); Elements of Counseling Children and Adolescents (Springer Publishing, 2014); Girls Growing in Wellness and Balance: Yoga and Life Skills to Empower; and Healthy Eating in Schools. Dr. Cook-Cottone is a regular presenter nationally and internationally at conferences and workshops, and teaches classes on mindful therapy, yoga for health and healing, and counseling children and adolescents. She sits on the Yoga in Schools Research Summit Committee at the world-renowned Kripalu Center on Yoga and Health.

Table of Contents 

Foreword by Scott T. Meier, PhD



Chapter One Setting the Stage

1. Initial Contact

2. Respect Caregivers and Family Members in the Process

3. The First Appointment

4. Share Your Background

5. Explain Counseling

6. Provide an Overview of Guidelines

7. Address Confidentiality and Privacy

A. Privacy Between Child and Caregiver

B. Privacy Rule

8. Begin to Explore the Client's Story and Create Counseling Goals

9. Create a Developmentally Accommodating Office Space

10. Be on Time

11. Individualize Counseling

12. Meet Your Client's Age and Developmental Level

13. Developmental Framework

14. Address Resistance, Create a Working Alliance

15. See the Big Picture

Summary and Discussion Questions


Chapter Two The Processes of Counseling With Children and Adolescents

16. Reflect First (Content, Feeling, and Meaning)

17. Focus on Feeling

18. Summarize

19. Reflect the Process

20. Speak Briefly

21. Allow and Use Silence

22. Use Open-Ended Questions

23. Confront Effectively and With Care

24. Use Developmentally Appropriate Language

25. Be Concrete

26. Match the Strategy or Technique to Processing Level

27. When Words Fail, Draw or Play

28. Use Stories and Metaphors

Summary and Discussion Questions


Chapter Three Strategies for Assisting Self-Awareness and Growth

29. Reflect and Give Time for Processing (Do and Do Not Do)

30. Avoid Giving Advice

31. Avoid Relying on Questions

32. Listen Carefully to the Words Used

33. Focus on the Client

34. Pay Attention to Nonverbals

35. Ground Feelings in the Body and Teach Distress Tolerance

36. Pause and Reflect Themes/Enumerate Topics

37. Use a Problem-Solving Model

38. Set Clear, Measureable Goals

Summary and Discussion Questions


Chapter Four Misconceptions and Assumptions

39. Do Not Assume That Change Is Simple

40. Academic Developmental Level Does Not Equal Emotional Developmental Level

41. Agreement Does Not Equal Empathy

42. Avoid Moral Judgments

43. Saying They Understand Does Not Mean That They Understand

44. You Can't Assume That You Know (Feelings, Thoughts, and Behaviors)

45. Do Not Assume That You Know How Clients React to Their Feelings, Thoughts, and Behaviors

46. Do Not Assume That All Interventions Will Be Safe or Appropriate for All Clients

47. Positive and Rational Thinking Are Not the Same

Summary and Discussion Questions


Chapter Five A Brief Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice and Contemporary Interventions

48. Be Familiar With Limitations of ESTs With Children and Adolescents

49. Practicewise Clinical Decision-Making Support

50. Contemporary Psychotherapy Interventions With Children and Adolescents

A. Brief, Solution-Focused Therapies

B. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

C. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

D. Behavior Therapy

E. Play Therapy

F. Family Therapy

G. Creative and Innovative Techniques to Enhance Evidence-Based Interventions

H. Multisystemic Therapy

51. Consider Integrative Approaches

Summary and Discussion Questions


Chapter Six Crisis Intervention, Mandated Reporting, and Related Issues

52. Develop Crisis-Intervention Skills

A. Assess for Suicide Risk: Specificity-Lethality-Access-Proximity-Prior Attempts (SLAP-P)

B. Take Control of the Situation

C. Focus on Competencies and Strengths

D. Mobilize Social Resources and Engage Caregivers

E. Know and Use Community and Technology Supports

53. Learn and Understand Grief, Loss, and Trauma

54. Become Literate in Mandated Reporting

A. Know Your State Laws and Nomenclature

B. Consider a Probability Threshold

C. Use Framework Proposed By Levi and Portwood (2011)

D. Be Prepared for Reactions and Seek Supervision Appropriately

55. Refer Carefully

Summary and Discussion Questions


Chapter Seven Knowing and Caring for Yourself as a Counselor

56. Begin With Self-Awareness

A. Why Did You Choose Counseling as a Career?

B. Be Aware of the Emotions and Topics That Challenge You

C. Know When You Are Impaired

D. Know the Signs of Burnout and Compassion Fatigue

57. Get the Support and Supervision You Need

A. Create a Support Group

B. Supervision Leads to Competence

C. Get Personal Counseling

58. Have Good Boundaries

A. Practice Disengagement

B. Establish and Keep Physical Boundaries

C. Create and Maintain a Manageable Schedule

D. Practice Within Your Competency

E. Accept That Clients Grow at a Pace That Makes Sense for Their Mental Health

59. Engage in a Consistent Practice of Self-Care

Summary and Discussion Questions


Appendix: How to Use This Book in Training

Counselor-in-Training Instructions