The African American Child

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Sample Chapter: Chapter 1

The African American Child

SKU# 9780826127563

Development and Challenges

Author: Yvette R. Harris PhD, James A. Graham PhD

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Description 

"This book argues convincingly that children's cultural differences need to be recognized for any accurate understanding of their development. Pointing out the need for additional and more effectively designed research, Harris and Graham provide a valuable foundation for further investigations. This nonpolemic book should be in all libraries, filling an unfortunate gap. Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries

This major new textbook introduces students to issues that have an impact on the lives of African American children but have typically been ignored (or inadequately discussed) in mainstream child development textbooks. The authors hope to familiarize students with a sampling of research that moves beyond a deficit view of the development of the African American child while stimulating critical thinking about future directions for research on African American children and their families.

The book is designed to be student friendly--with each chapter presenting an overview of the material covered as well as an "Insider's Voice" (which offers a personal story or viewpoint about the issues discussed in the chapter). Each chapter goes on to feature a dialogue of current biological, environmental, constructivist, and cultural-contextual theories) as well as suggestions for additional reading, videos, websites, and questions to guide critical thinking.

Product Details 

  • Publication Date May 01, 2007
  • Page Count 240
  • Product Form Hardback
  • ISBN 13 9780826127563
  • EISBN 9780826101044

About The Author(s) 

Yvette R. Harris

Yvette R. Harris, PhD, is Professor of Psychology, Miami University, Ohio. Her research focuses on exploring the environmental contributions to preschool and school age cognitive development with specific attention on the learning/ teaching patterns of African American parents. Her current line of research explores family stabilization and destabilization as mother re-nter from prison. . She has presented her work at both national and international conferences and her research has appeared in a variety of educational and developmental journals and publications, including: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, Journal of Black Psychology Journal of Early Childhood Research, Childhood Education; and The Encyclopedia for Human Development. Dr. Harris's work has been funded by the National Science Foundation, Proctor and Gamble, Miami University, and the Harvard/Radcliffe Murray Research Center. She also serves on the Editorial Board for several journals, including: Early Childhood Research Quarterly and Forum on Public Policy.



James A. Graham

James A. Graham, PhD, is Professor of Psychology, The College of New Jersey (TCNJ). He received a B.A. in psychology from Miami University, and completed graduate studies at the University of Memphis where he received masters and doctoral degrees in developmental psychology. His scholarly work addresses the social-cognitive aspects of relationships between group and dyadic levels across early, middle, and late childhood in community-based settings. Three interdependent dimensions of his research program examine(1) populations that are typically understudied, conceptually limited, and methodologically constrained;(2) children's development of empathy and prosocial behavior with peer groups and friends; (3) developmental science in the context of community-engaged research partnerships. He has presented his work at a variety of international and national conferences and has published articles in professional journals such as Social Development, Child Study Journal, Behavior Modification, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development , and American Journal of Evaluation. Currently, he is Coordinator of the Developmental Specialization in Psychology at TCNJ. For the past decade, Dr. Graham has taught graduate course in psychology and education s in Johannesburg, South Africa through TCNJ's Graduate Summer Global Program. He serves on the Board of Directors for several community agencies, such as the Children's Home Society of New Jersey, and the Trenton Education Dance Institute.

Table of Contents 

    Preface
    List of Figures and Tables
  1. Demographics: A Portrait of African American Children

  2. Overview of the Chapter
    Section One: Population Statistics on African American Children
    Section Two: Living Arrangements of African American Children
    Section Three: Economic Conditions of African American Children and their Families
    Perspectives on Demographics and African American Children
    Suggestions for Additional Readings
  3. Research Issues with African American Children

  4. Overview of the Chapter: The Importance of Studying Developmental Research Methods
    Insider's Voice - The Need for More Research on African American Children
    Section One: Problems: Methodological Constraints in Research Designs
    Insider's Voice: Where Have We Gone Wrong?
    Section Two: Conducting Culturally Relevant Research with African American Children
    The Need for Culturally Sensitive Research with African American Children
    Conceptual Frameworks and Interdisciplinarity
    The Role of Context in African American Child Development
    The Relationship to African American Child Development and Central Characteristics in Developmental Psychology
    Ethical Considerations with African American Child Participants
    Section Three: Theories
    Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory
    Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Systems Theory
    Integrative Conceptual Model of Child Development
    Perspectives on Research and Theories
    Chapter Summary
    Additional Readings
  5. African American Children and Health Issues

  6. Overview of the Chapter
    Section One: Heath Challenges
    Infant Mortality
    Maternal Risk Factors
    Initiatives Designed to Reduce African American Infant Mortality Rates
    Physical Challenges Beyond Infancy
    AIDS
    Treatment of AIDS
    Insider's Voice: Plumbism
    Treatment of Plumbism
    Insider's Voice-- Sickle Cell Anemia
    Treatment of Sickle Cell Anemia
    Asthma
    Treatment of Asthma
    Obesity
    Treatment of Obesity
    Section Two: Access to Health Care
    Perspectives on the Health Status of African American Children
    Chapter Summary
    Key Terms
    Suggestions for Additional Readings
  7. Mental Health and Racial Identity

  8. Overview of the Chapter
    Section One: Mental Health Issues
    Insider's Voice - African American Children and Mental Health Issues
    Risk Factors
    Assessment and Diagnosis
    Treatment of Mental Health Disorders
    Section Two: Racial Identity
    Perspectives on Mental Health and Racial Identity
    Chapter Summary
    Suggestions for Additional Readings
  9. Education
  10. Overview of the Chapter
    Section One: School Desegregation and African American Children
    Insider's Voice - Resegregation of American's Public Schools
    Desegregation and African American Children
    Section Two: Schools That "Work" For African American Children
    Public Schools Models
    Independent Black Schools (IBS)
    Section Three: African American Children and Early Intervention Programs
    Head Start
    High/Scope Perry Preschool Project
    Abecedarian Project
    Perspectives on Education and African American Children
    Chapter Summary
    Suggestions for Additional Readings
  11. Language and Literacy

  12. Overview of the Chapter
    Section One: The Controversy
    Insider's Voice - The Oakland School Board Ebonics Resolution
    Section Two: Language Learning and African American Children
    Section Three: Language and Literacy Issues
    Section Four: Language and Literacy Intervention Programs for African American Children
    Section Five: Language Assessment and African American Children: Distinguishing Dialect from a Speech Language Disorder
    Perspectives on Language Learning and Literacy and African American Children
    Chapter Summary
    Suggestions for Additional Readings
  13. Morality: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

  14. Overview of the Chapter
    Insider's Voice: What if Heinz were Black?
    The Issues
    Section One: Theories of Moral Development
    Piaget's Theory
    Kohlberg's Theory: The Ethic of Justice
    Criticisms of Piaget's and Kohlberg's Theories
    Gilligan's Theory: The Ethic of Care
    Gibb's Sociomoral Reasoning Model
    Humphries' Culture and Empathy Model
    Turiel's Domain Theory: Moral Rules and Social Conventions
    Section Two: Prosocial Behavior and African American Children
    Possible Factors Influencing Prosocial Behavior in African American Children
    Morality and Racial Identity Development
    Section Three: Moral Development and Community Violence
    Perspectives on African American Children and Moral Development
    Chapter Summary
    Additional Readings
  15. Social Contexts in the Lives of African American Children: Family, Peers

  16. Overview of the Chapter
    Issues
    Insider's Voice - The Negro American Family
    Section One: Models of the African American Family
    Pathological Model
    Cultural Equivalent Model
    Emergent Model
    Ecology Models of the Family
    Guiding Principles of Family Systems Theory
    External Systems Affecting the Family
    Section Two: African American Family Structure and Child Development
    Nuclear Family
    African American Single-Parent Families
    Augmented Families
    Section Three: The Peer Group
    African American Children's Peer Relationships
    African American Children's Friendships
    Perspectives on African American Children and Social Contexts
    Chapter Summary
    Additional Readings
  17. Epilogue: Where Do We Go From Here?

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