Practice-Based Clinical Inquiry in Nursing

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Practice-Based Clinical Inquiry in Nursing

SKU# 9780826126948

Looking Beyond Traditional Methods for PhD and DNP Research


  • Joan R. Bloch PhD, CRNP
  • Maureen R. Courtney PhD, APRN, FNP-BC
  • Myra L. Clark PhD, FNP-C

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Meticulously compiled to serve the specific needs of APRNs and nurse executives engaged in doctoral-level research, this text provides evidence-based and practice-based scholarly methods not traditionally taught in PhD or DNP programs. Building on and expanding traditional nursing research methods, the bookfocuses on both existing and evolving methods of clinical inquiry, some of which incorporate technology and knowledge from other disciplines. These areapproaches that can be translated into clinical practice, providing the nursing profession with unprecedented opportunities for collaboration in improvinghealth and health care systems. Methods include quality improvement, implementation science, logic models, program planning and evaluation, patient-engaged and community participatory research, dissemination research, big data, comparative effectiveness research, secondary analysis, and systematic reviews.

Chapters provide clear guidance on why and how to use a particular method, and are consistently organized to enable a comparison and contrast of different approaches in order to select the one that best fits a particular research need. The text highlights the importance of each approach, and discusses why touse a particular method for doctoral nursing work. Chapters describe how to apply the method along with how to interpret findings and disseminate them. Thedescription of each method concludes with examples from the published literature. Practical tips for impact and success in research and program proposals increase the text value.

Key Features:

  • Presents research methods specifically for doctoral-level evidence-based and practice-based clinical research
  • Describes interdisciplinary health care methodologies focused on evidence-based improvement in health care
  • Offers practical information on benefits and use of each method
  • Provides examples of each method from published literature
  • Written by experienced academic and practice scholars from across the United States

Product Details 

  • Publication Date February 11, 2016
  • Page Count 280
  • Product Form Paperback / softback
  • ISBN 13 9780826126948

About The Author(s) 

Joan R. Bloch, PhD, CRNP,

is associate professor of nursing, and has held secondary appointments as associate professor of Nutritional Science and Public Health at Drexel University. In her more than 30 years of experience as an educator, she has extensive experience in supervising master’s- and doctoral-level students in the field of women’s health. Since 1981, Dr. Bloch has been practicing as a women’s health nurse practitioner and, most currently, practices in a public-funded prenatal clinic. After completing a National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) postdoctoral research fellowship, Dr. Bloch has maintained an active program of perinatal health disparities research. She has served as a principal investigator on multiple funded and unfunded research projects. Dr. Bloch has authored many refereed/nonrefereed journal articles, book chapters, and refereed paper and poster presentations. She has served on multiple research-related committees at the university and in professional nursing and public health organizations. This includes the National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties (NONPF), the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN), and the Public Health Management Corporation (PHMC).

Maureen R. Courtney, PhD, APRN, FNP-BC

, is associate professor, University of Texas at Arlington College of Nursing and Health Innovation, where she teaches clinical research to doctoral students and supervises Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) projects and PhD dissertations, as well as advanced role and clinical courses in the family nurse practitioner (FNP) curriculum. Dr. Courtney has served as a principal investigator for numerous nationally funded community-based primary care projects. Since 1983, Dr. Courtney has been practicing as an FNP, and most currently, practices in a family practice clinic. The most notable of the many awards she has received are as follows: Outstanding NP in the State of Texas (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners), Primary Care Policy Fellowship (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services), and Distinguished Practitioner, National Academy of Nursing, in addition to research awards. Dr. Courtney is an active researcher, having served as the PI on multiple funded and unfunded research projects, and has published many papers and technical research reports. She has made more than 100 national presentations and published several abstracts/proceedings. She is certified by the International Joanna Briggs Institute in the following three areas: conducting quantitative systematic reviews, qualitative systematic reviews, and cost-effectiveness systematic reviews. Dr. Courtney is active in many professional organizations and has served on the Research Advisory Committee to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, and co-chair of the Research Special Interest Group at NONPF.

Myra L. Clark, PhD, RN, FNP-C,

is associate professor, the FNP program, The University of North Georgia, to which she has returned after teaching at the University of Virginia (UVA) School of Nursing for the past 5 years. She is the director of research for the College of Health Sciences and Professions at The University of North Georgia. Prior to returning to The University of North Georgia, she practiced as an FNP at the Charlottesville Free Clinic. Dr. Clark is the recipient of several professional awards, including being inducted as a distinguished educator into the Hall of Honor, Mercer University School of Nursing, the Verhonick Dissertation Award, and the Outstanding Graduate Student Award. She has published multiple peer-reviewed articles. Dr. Clark’s funded research (National Institutes of Health and UVA) focuses primarily on diabetes. She has presented both nationally and internationally on various aspects of diabetes and diabetes self-care. She is professionally active in many nursing organizations, including the American Nurses Association, Southern Nursing Research Society, American Association of Nurse Practitioners, the National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculty, the Virginia Diabetes Council, and the National Rural Health Association, among others, and is co-chair of the NONPF Research Special Interest Group.

Table of Contents 






1. Health Program Planning and Evaluation: What Nurse Scholars Need to Know

L. Michele Issel


The Public Health Pyramid and Health Programs

Rationale for Utilizing Program Planning and Evaluation Approaches

Methods for Program Planning and Evaluation

Interpretation and Presentation of Scholarship Pertaining to Program Planning and Evaluation

2. Patient-Engaged and Community-Based Participatory Research

Bonnie Jerome-D’Emilia and Kathleen J. Jackson


Purpose of PAR

Description of PAR

Importance of PEPR and CBPR

Methods of Creating PEPR and CBPR

The Interpretation and Presentation of PEPR and CBPR

Considerations: Challenges and Ethical Issues in PEPR and CBPR

Examples of Published PEPR and CBPR

3. Systematic Reviews

Susan Weber Buchholz, Denise M. Linton, Maureen R. Courtney, and Michael E. Schoeny


The Importance of Systematic Reviews

Three Important Reasons for Systematic Reviews

Conducting a Systematic Review

Interpretation and Presentation of Systematic Reviews

Appraisal of Systematic Reviews

Appendix 3.1 Systematic Review Resources

Appendix 3.2 Examples of Systematic Review Abstracts From the Published Literature

4. Quality Improvement Research

Catherine Johnson, Mary Ellen Smith Glasgow, and Mary Elizabeth “Betsy” Guimond


The Importance of Quality Improvement

Reasons Why Nurse Scholars Should Use Quality Improvement Research Approaches

Methods for Quality Improvement Research

Models for Quality Improvement Developed in Health Care

PhD/DNP Model of Collaboration for Quality Improvement in Health Care


5. Big Data in Nursing Research

Patricia Abbott and Boqin Xie


Defining Big Data and Analytics

Big Data in Nursing Inquiry

Methods, Tools, and Processes Used With Big Data With Relevance to Nursing

Examples From the Published Literature

6. Comparative Effectiveness Research

Georgia L. Narsavage


Description of CER

Reasons for Using CER

Methods of Creating CER

Interpretation of CER

The Presentation of CER

Appendix 6.1 Comparative Effectiveness Resources

Appendix 6.2 Examples of CER Abstracts From the Published Literature

7. Dissemination Research

Jane T. Garvin, Amber B. McCall, and Devita T. Stallings


Defining Dissemination Research

Importance of Dissemination Research

Methods of Creating Dissemination Research

Analysis of Data Related to Dissemination Research

Interpretation and Presentation of Dissemination Research

Examples of Published Dissemination Research

8. Implementation Research

Joan R. Bloch, Myra L. Clark, and Judy Faust


Why Nurse Scholars Should Use Implementation Science in Research and Practice

How to Use Implementation Science

The Interpretation and Presentation of Implementation Research


9. Using Geographic Information Systems in Clinical and Population Health Research

Joan R. Bloch and Sarah Cordivano


Geographic Information Systems

Reasons Why GIS Is Important for Practice-Based Clinical Inquiry

How to Use GIS in Nursing Clinical Inquiry Research

Examples of Published Literature

10. A Statistical Toolbox: Tips for Engaging in Clinical Inquiry to Improve Health and Health Care

Louis Fogg, Beth A. Staffileno, and Marcia Murphy


The Statistical Toolbox

Working With Statisticians: What Nurse Scholars Need to Know

Conclusion With Words of Wisdom From the Statistician Himself

11. Logic Models

Shirlee M. Drayton-Brooks, Paula Gray, and Maria Elayne DeSimone


Logic Model Defined

The Importance of Logic Models

Reasons for Using Logic Models

Methods of Creating Logic Models

Presentation of Theory-Driven Logic Models