Melanie Duffy, MSN, RN, CCRN, CCNS,
is a clinical nurse specialist (CNS) in critical care at Pinnacle Health System, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and adjunct faculty at Widener University,
Chester, Pennsylvania. She is a past president of the National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS) and cochairs the Legislative/Regulatory
Committee of NACNS. She is a member of other professional organizations including the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), Sigma Theta Tau,
and the American Nurses Association (ANA). Her professional influence has been in promoting the role, practice, and leadership aspects of the CNS. She has
been an active presenter at national, state, and local meetings. Ms. Duffy was actively involved in gaining title recognition in Pennsylvania for the CNS
and is currently working on legislation to implement a scope of practice for the CNS in Pennsylvania.
Susan Dresser, MSN, RN, APRN-CNS, CCRN,
currently teaches in the clinical nurse specialist (CNS) program at the University of Oklahoma College of Nursing in Oklahoma City. She is a past secretary
and board member of the National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS) and a past president of the Oklahoma Association of Clinical Nurse
Specialists. Ms. Dresser is an active member of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), and has served as president, secretary, and chair
of the Program Committee in the Oklahoma City chapter. She has held multiple positions as a critical care and cardiovascular CNS throughout her career. She
obtained her MSN in the adult critical care CNS program at Duke University and is currently enrolled in the PhD program at the University of Kansas Medical
Center School of Nursing.